Brain Scans Could Predict Autism Before Age 2 - Study
Feb 18, 2017 09:59 PM EST
Scientists revealed that brain scan can detect autism and mental imbalance much sooner than symptoms begin to develop.
The earliest that kids tend to be analyzed at present is at two years old, in spite of the fact that it is frequently later. The review, published in the journal Nature, demonstrated the starting points of autism are significantly sooner than that - in the first year of life.
The discoveries could prompt to an early test and even treatments that work while the mind is more flexible. One in each 100 individuals has autism which influences conduct and behavior, especially the one that relates with social interaction.
The review took a gander at 148 children including those at high risk of autism on the grounds that they had older siblings diagnosed with the disorder. All had brain scans at six, 12 and 24 months old.
The study uncovered early differences in the part of the brain responsible for high level functions like language - the cerebral cortex - in children who went on to be diagnosed with autism.
Dr Heather Hazlett, one of the researchers at the University of North Carolina, told the BBC News website that very early in the first year of life we see surface brain area differences that precede the symptoms that people traditionally associate with autism.
The study revealed early contrasts in the piece of the brain in charge of abnormal state capacities like language - the cerebral cortex - in children who went ahead to be determined suffering with autism.
Dr Heather Hazlett, one of the specialists at the University of North Carolina, told BBC that right on time in the first year of life we see surface brain area contrasts that precede the signs that individuals generally connect with autism.
"So it gives us a good target for when the brain differences might be happening for children at high risk of autism," she said.
The finding opens up conceivable outcomes for huge changes in the way autism is dealt with and analyzed.
Providing children earlier brain scans, especially those in high risk families, could prompt to kids being diagnosed earlier.
Over the long haul, it may be conceivable to accomplish something comparative for all newborn children if DNA testing progresses enough to wind up distinctly a helpful tool to distinguish children at high risk.
On the off chance that it can be analyzed early, then behavioral treatments, for example, those that train parents in better approaches for connecting with autistic children can be introduced before when they ought to be more effective and compelling.